Basic Futsal Rules

TO check the F.I.F.A. FUTSAL LAWS OF THE GAME see these websites :

www.fifa.com      or       www.the-afc.com

Recent Amendments:

The Futsal Laws of the Game have recently been revised leading to major changes in the way the game will be played from now on.

The three important changes affect Law 7 – the duration of the match, Law 12 – fouls and misconduct and Law 16 – the goal clearance.

The first of these amendments, to Law 7, sees a period of play ending only when a goalbound shot has reached its destination or following the outcome of a penalty kick, a second penalty mark kick or a direct free kick. This is signified by the referee’s whistle, as is the case in Beach Soccer.

The changes to Laws 12 and 16 respectively affect goalkeepers. An indirect free-kick will now be awarded if, after playing the ball, a goalkeeper touches the ball again in his own half of the pitch after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate without an opponent playing or touching it. The position of the free-kick will be determined from where the infringement took place.

Previously, a goalkeeper could play in a ‘flying’ position and could touch the ball again if the ball had crossed the halfway line. This is no longer possible; keepers can only play the ball once in their own half, for less than four seconds, and can only touch it again if it has been touched by an opponent.

This is key to avoiding defensive tactics where the ‘fifth’ player – i.e. the goalkeeper was constantly touching the ball in their own half. Now, if a team wishes to play with a flying goalkeeper in order to avoid losing a game, the goalkeeper has to cross the halfway line.

Basic Rules:

Futsal Rules (Basic)

LAW II – The Ball
· Size #4
· Circumference: 62-64 cm
· Weight: 390-430 grams
· Bounce: 55-65 cm on first bounce
· Material: Leather or other suitable material (i.e., not dangerous)

LAW III – Number of Players
· Minimum Number of Players to Start Match: 5, one of whom shall be a goalkeeper
· Minimum Number of Players to Finish Match: 3
· Maximum Number of Substitutes: 7
· Substitution Limit: None
· Substitution Method: “Flying substitution” (all players but the goalkeeper enter and
· leave as they please; goalkeeper substitutions can only be made when the ball is out of play and with a referee’s consent)

LAW IV – Players’ Equipment
Usual Equipment: Numbered shirts, shorts, socks, protective shin-guards and footwear with rubber soles

LAW V – Main Referee
Duties: Enforce the laws, apply the advantage rule, keep a record of all incidents before, during and after game, stop game when deemed necessary, caution or expel players guilty of misconduct, violent conduct or other ungentlemanly behavior, allow no others to enter the pitch, stop game to have injured players removed, signal for game to be restarted after every stoppage, decide that the ball meets with the stipulated requirements.

· Position: The side opposite to the player benches

· Power Unique to Main Referee: Can overrule Assistant Referee’s calls.

LAW VI: Second Referee
· Duties: Same as Main Referee, with the addition of keeping a check on the
2-minute punishment period after a player has been sent off, ensuring that substitutions
are carried out properly, and keeping a check on the 1-minute time-out.

· Position: The same side as the player benches

LAW VII – Timekeeper
· Duties: Start game clock after kick-off, stop it when the ball is out of play, and restart it after all restarts; keep a check on 2-minute punishment for sending off; indicate end of first half and match with some sort of sound; record time-outs and fouls (and indicate when a team has exceeded the 5-foul limit); record game stoppages, scorers, players cautioned and sent off, and other information relevant to the game.

· Position: Outside halfway line on the same side as the substitution zone (i.e., the players’ bench side)

LAW VIII – Duration of the Game
· Duration: Two equal periods of 20 minutes; clock stopped whenever ball is out of play. Time can be prolonged only to take a penalty kick.

· Time-outs: 1 per team per half; none in extra time

· Half-time: Maximum of 15 minutes

LAW IX – The Start of Play
Procedure: Coin toss followed by kickoff; opposing team waits outside center circle; ball deemed in play once it has been touched; the kicker shall not touch ball before someone else touches it; ensuing kick-offs taken after goals scored and at start of second half.

LAW X – Ball in and out of Play
· Ball out of play: When it has wholly crossed the goal line or touchline; when the game has been stopped by a referee; when the ball hits the ceiling (restart: dropped ball beneath that point).

· Lines: Touchlines and goal lines are considered inside the playing area.

LAW XI – Method of Scoring
When the whole of the ball has passed over the goal line, between the goal posts and under the crossbar (except by illegal means).

LAW XII – Fouls and Misconduct
Direct free kick
awarded when a player intentionally commits any of the following 11 offenses (penalty kick awarded when infringement takes place in penalty area)

  • · kicking or attempting to kick an opponent
  • · tripping an opponent
  • · jumping at an opponent
  • · charging an opponent in a violent or dangerous manner
  • · charging an opponent from behind
  • · striking, attempting to strike, or spitting at an opponent
  • · holding an opponent
  • · pushing an opponent
  • · charging an opponent with shoulder (i.e., shoulder charge)
  • · sliding at an opponent (i.e., sliding tackle)
  • · handling the ball (except goalkeeper)

Indirect free kick awarded when any of the following 8 offenses is committed (kick taken from the 6-meter line when infringement takes place in penalty area):

  • · dangerous play (e.g. attempting to kick ball held by goalkeeper)
  • · obstruction
  • · charging the goalkeeper in the penalty area (i.e., goalkeeper charge)
  • · goalkeeper picks up or touches with his hands a back pass
  • · goalkeeper picks up or touches with his hands a kick-in from a teammate
  • · goalkeeper controls the ball with any part of his body for more than 4 seconds
  • · goalkeeper touches with any part of his body a back pass that has been played back to him before the ball has been touched by an opponent

Players shall be cautioned (i.e., shown yellow card) when:

  • · a substituting player enters the pitch from an incorrect position or before the player he is substituting has entirely left the pitch
  • · he persistently infringes the Laws of the Game
  • · he shows dissent with any decision of the referee
  • · he is guilty of ungentlemanly conduct

These 4 yellow-card offenses are punishable by an indirect free kick taken from the point of infringement (or from the 6-meter line when the infringement takes place in penalty area).

Players shall be sent off (i.e., shown the red card) for:

  • · (a) serious foul play
  • · (b) violent conduct
  • · (c) foul or abusive language
  • · (d) second instance of cautionable offense (i.e., second yellow card)
  • · (e) intentionally impeding a clear goal opportunity (e.g. through a “professional foul”)
  • · (f) intentionally impeding a clear goal opportunity in the penalty area by handling the ball

Direct free kicks (or penalty kicks) accompany the expulsion for (a), (b), (e) and (f); indirect free kicks, for (c) and (d) (from the 6-meter line when the infringement takes place in the penalty area).

Rules of Expulsion:

  • · The player sent off (shown a red card) is out for the rest of the game and is not even permitted to sit on the reserves’ bench.
  • · The team of the player sent off can substitute for that player after 2 minutes of playing time or after the opposing team scores — which ever comes first.
  • · The 2-minute punishment shall be checked by the timekeeper (or by the assistant referee, if there is no timekeeper).
  • · The substitute cannot come on until the ball is out of play and he has a referee’s consent.

LAW XIII – Free Kick

  • · Types: Direct free kicks and indirect free kicks
  • · Wall: At least 5 meters away until the ball is in play
  • · Ball in Play: After it has traveled the distance of its own circumference
  • · Time Limit: Kick must be taken within 4 seconds
  • · Restriction: Kicker cannot touch the ball again until it has been touched by another player

LAW XIV – Accumulated Fouls

Accumulated fouls refer only to all the fouls mentioned in Law XII (a through k(1 to 11). Once a team has accumulated 5 fouls during a half (those accumulated in the second half continue to accumulate into extra time), from the 6th foul:

  • · that team shall not be allowed a defensive wall
  • · all free kicks shall be direct (no indirect free kicks)
  • · infringements committed within 12 meters of the goal line shall be punished with a direct free kick from the point of infringement; infringements committed from 12 meters or further from the goal line shall be punished with a direct free kick from the Second Penalty Spot

Procedure:

  • · Until the ball is kicked into play, all players other than the goalkeeper and kicker shall remain behind an imaginary line that is in line with the ball and parallel to the goal line.
  • · The goalkeeper shall remain in his penalty area at least 5 m away from the ball.
  • · The kicker must aim at the goal, with the intention of scoring.
  • · No other player may touch the ball until it has been touched by the pitch, rebounded from the goal post or crossbar, or has left the pitch.
  • · If the infringement took place in penalty area (and does not merit a penalty kick), the free kick is to be taken from the 6-m-line on the spot nearest to where the infringement occurred.

LAW XV – Penalty Kick

  • · To be taken from the penalty mark on the mid-point of the 6-m-line.
  • · The kicker is to aim at goal, with the intention of scoring.
  • · All players must be out of the penalty area, and the players of the opposing team must also be at least 5 m from the penalty spot.
  • · The kicker shall not play the ball a second time until it has been touched by another player.

LAW XVI – Kick-in

  • · To be taken in place of the throw-in.
  • · The ball is placed on the touch line before kicking.
  • · The kicker’s foot not kicking the ball must be outside or at least on the touchline; if it crosses the touchline all of the way, into the pitch, the kick-in is given to the opposing team.
  • · The kick-in must be taken within 4 seconds; if it is not, the kick-in is given to the opposing team.
  • · The kicker cannot play the ball a second time until it has been played by another player; infringement of this rule entail an indirect free kick to the opposing from the point of infringement.
  • · Players on opposing team must be at least 5 m away from point of kick-in.
  • · Cannot score directly from a kick-in.

LAW XVII – Goal Clearance

  • · To be taken in place of goal kick.
  • · From inside the penalty area, the goalkeeper throws the ball into play.
  • · The ball is not in play until it has passed outside of the penalty area. If the goal clearance is received inside of the penalty area, the goal clearance shall be taken over.

LAW XVIII – Corner Kick

  • · Ball placed on the corner (no corner-kick arc). If ball is misplaced, the corner kick is taken over.
  • · Must be taken within 4 seconds; failure to do so entails indirect free kick to the opposing team from the corner mark.
  • · The kicker cannot play the ball a second time until it has been played by another player; infringement of this rule entail an indirect free kick to the opposing from the point of infringement.
  • · Players on opposing team must be at least 5 m away from point of the corner kick.
  • · Can score goal directly from a corner kick.

Annex 1 – Penalty Kick Shoot-out

  • · Main referee decides goal to be used.
  • · Coin tossed to decide order.
  • · Five kicks to be taken by 5 different players selected from the 12 suited players. Captain of each team announces these 5 to the main referee before the kicks are taken.
  • · If two teams are still tied after 5 kicks, the additional kicks will be taken on a sudden-death basis by the rest of the players who have not kicked yet.
  • · Players sent off during the match are not eligible to take these kicks.
  • · Any eligible player may change places with his goalkeeper.
  • · While the penalty shoot-out is in progress, players will remain on the opposite half of the pitch. The assistant referee shall control this area

F.I.F.A. Futsal Website

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FUTSAL (Indoor Football) BASIC RULES FOR BEGINNERS.

A Team will consist of 5 players: 1 goalie and 4 field players.
THE GOAL IS 2 X 3 METERS.
Penalty Arch:
A semi-circle, called the “Penalty Arch,” surrounds each team’s goal
Substitutions:
UNLIMITED – FLYING SUBSTITUTION.
Referees:
ALWAYS 2 REFEREES SITUATED ON BOTH SIDELINES.
All decisions made by the referee are final,including his or her exercise of powers to allow or disallow a goal, suspend or terminate a game, stop the clock, call an “advantage,” or otherwise enforce these rules.
Starts and Restarts:
Referee places the ball into the center of the court to start play at the beginning or after each goal.
A kick-in shall occur once the ball crosses the SIDE line. The player of the opposing team kicks the ball back into play from behind the SIDE line.
A goal clearance occurs whenever a team strikes the ball past the goal line of its opponent’s goal. In such a situation, the ball is thrown from any point within the penalty area by the goal keeper. The goal keeper is not allowed to score a goal by throwing the ball.
A corner kick occurs whenever the ball, having last touched by a player of the defending team, passes over the goal line. A player of the attacking team then places the ball precisely inside the corner arc at the nearest corner and kicks the ball back into play.
DEFENDERS MUST BE AT LEAST 5 METERS AWAY FROM THE BALL DURING FREE KICKS & KICK-INS.
Scoring:
A team scores a goal whenever the whole of the ball completely and legally crosses over the goal line,under the crossbar, and between the goal posts. Goals scored by goalkeepers throwing the ball into the opponent’s goal, without the ball touching another player are not allowed, resulting in a GOAL CLEARANCE for the opposing team. Goalkeepers are only allowed to score with their feet. The team having scored the greater number of goals during a game will be declared as the winner.
A referee assesses penalties for unsportsmanlike behavior (e.g., taunting, delay of game, verbal abuse), fouls (e.g., reckless, or excessively forceful play) and other rule violations. Each offense is signaled by a whistle. The opponent of the team committing the violation shall receive a free kick near the spot of the offense. A Yellow or Red Card is issued for a Time Penalty or Ejection.
Fouls:
As defined above, examples of fouls include kicking, tripping, elbowing, holding and obstructing an opponent.
Time Penalties:
For unsportsmanlike behavior or a foul, which are determined to be “aggravated” or “flagrant,” the referee issues a Yellow Card..
Ejections:
In cases of extreme unsportsmanlike behavior or excessive force, the offending player receives a Red Card and is ejected, in which case his team plays a man down & assesses a 2-minute Time Penalty. A RED CARDED PLAYER CANNOT PLAY ANYMORE AND IS SUSPENDED ON THE NEXT GAME. (TOURNAMENT DISCIPLINARY COMMITTEE WILL DISCUSS THE GRAVITY OF THE OFFENSE TO DETERMINE THE PLAYERS’S SUSPENSION). THE TEAM CANNOT REPLACE THE RED CARDED PLAYER UNTIL AFTER THE 2 MINUTE TIME PENALTY ELAPSES.
Penalty Kick:
A Penalty Kick in the 6 meter mark is awarded in the case of a foul inside the penalty mark.
A Penalty Kick in the 10 meter mark also applies if a team commits more than 5 fouls in a half.
Forfeitures:
In cases of extreme endangerment or recklessness, the referee may terminate the game or eject a team from the Tournament. A team also forfeits a game if it does not appear within 5 minutes of a scheduled start time. Forfeited games are scored 3:0 and are entered into the quotient system.
Penalty Kick:
A player whose team is awarded a Penalty Kick has 4 seconds to score one-on-one against the opponent’s goalkeeper. Upon the referee’s whistle. During a Penalty Kick, except for the participating goalkeeper and player, all players shall be outside of the field of play. If a goal is scored, the referee restarts the game as usual. If a goal is not scored, a goal-clearance restarts play.
TIME DURATION IS DETERMINED BY THE TOURNAMENT DIRECTOR.
A regulation game consists of two 20 – minute halves.The game clock, maintained by the referee, runs continuously throughout each half, AND IS STOPPED ONCE THE BALL IS OUT OF PLAY OR AN INFRINGEMENT IS COMMITTED during Penalty Kicks.
Teams switch SIDES at the end of each half.
If the score is tied at the end of regulation time a Penalty Shootout will determine the winner.

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